Pluperfect

Pluperfect The pluperfect is formed with the preterit of the auxiliary “to have,” followed by the past participle of the principle verb: He had always wanted to travel in Africa. She had already left when Philippe arrived. I bought the book that Corinne had recommended to me. Usage The pluperfect expresses the precedence of one action compared to another. The ... Leia Mais »

Plural of nouns

Nouns Gender Plural Related topics Gender In English nouns rarely change form, even to indicate gender. As a general rule, only nouns referring to people and some animals reflect gender in their form. By the same token, unlike many other languages, the adjectives modifying nouns will remain unchanged. Example: My poor little dog died. However, certain nouns — especially those ... Leia Mais »

Plural of adjectives

Adjectives Forms Usage Related topics Forms Adjectives are generally invariable in English and do not agree with nouns in number and gender; nor do they take case endings: a blue car the great outdoors a group of young women However, a few adjectives have a connotation which is slightly masculine or feminine. Thus, one says that a woman is beautiful ... Leia Mais »

Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal Verbs Phrasal verbs are made up of two parts, a verb plus a particle. A particle is a preposition that has become linked to a verb. Together the verb and particle have a fixed meaning. Phrasal verbs can take objects or not. Phrasal verbs that take objects can be inseparable or separable. Don’t forget: phrasal verbs have tenses too! ... Leia Mais »

Perfect (present)

Present perfect General principles Recent past General principles The present perfect describes an action or emotion which began in the past and which continues in the present. It is formed by using the auxilary “to have” with the past participle: I have always wanted to visit Israel. Money has always been the problem and not the solution. I have discovered ... Leia Mais »

Perfect (future)

Future perfect Relatively rare in English, the future perfect serves to express one future action which precedes a future moment or another future action. Moreover, it asserts that these actions will be completed before the principal action. It is formed by adding the modal “will” to the auxiliary “have,” preceding the past participle: She will have finished before eight o’clock. ... Leia Mais »

Past progressive

Past progressive The past progressive is a past tense which emphasizes the ongoing nature of the action described. It is formed by using the auxiliary “to be” with the present participle: I was working. He was eating his dinner when the phone rang. The cat was meowing last night while we tried to sleep. Normally, if an idea could be ... Leia Mais »

Past participles (irregular)

Irregular preterits and past participles This alphabetical list shows the irregular forms of the most common verbs. Each entry includes the infinitive, the preterit, and the past participle. In cases where variant forms exist, they will be shown at the end of the entry. Literary or archaic forms are flagged by a cross: Ý. The past participle is used in ... Leia Mais »

Past conditional

Past conditional The past conditional is expressed using the modal “would” before a past infinitive (= “have” + past participle). This construction serves to express missed opportunities and past hypotheses: She told me that she would have liked to come and see us. In your position, I would have done the same thing. One finds it often in hypothetical constructions ... Leia Mais »

Past (habitual past)

Habitual actions in the past To describe habitual, repeated actions in the past, one generally uses the construction “used to + verb.” Thus: When I was little, we used to go camping a lot. When my father was in school, they used to slap children who didn’t behave. I used to work days, but now I work the night shift. In ... Leia Mais »